Passenger Transport

Passenger Transport Endorsement

Drivers who operate commercial motor vehicles (CMVs) with passengers are required to possess the proper endorsement according to the regulations of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA).

Passenger "P" endorsements are required to drive:

    Passenger vehicles that can carry at least 16 passengers (to include the driver).

You must know how to load/unload your passengers, respond to emergencies, handle troublesome passengers, and other tasks specific to carrying passengers of all ages.

The process for application for endorsement P may vary according to your state. In general, you can expect to:

  • Pass a written examination.
  • Apply for a commercial learner's permit (CLP) with the P endorsement.
    • A 10 Year History Record check is required as part of the application to ensure a history of safe driving.
    • You may be required to hold a CLP for a specific amount of time before you can test for your CDL endorsement.
      • With a CLP, you may only drive a commercial passenger vehicle with a supervising driver (without passengers).
  • Complete a medical assessment.
    • Most states require a physical examination that will determine whether or not you are physically able to operate a vehicle with children or passengers.
  • Pass a road driving skills test.
    • This test must be taken in the same type of vehicle you intend to operate.
    • Failure to do so may result in one or more CDL restrictions.
  • Apply for a new CDL with P and/or S endorsements. Pay the associated fees.

To obtain a "P" endorsement, you will be required to take a written knowledge test and a road skills driving test.

The information on the examination for your P endorsement will be taken directly from the associated sections of your state's Commercial Driver's License manual.

  • Passenger Endorsement Exam
  • For the P endorsement, you can expect questions pertaining to:
    • Safely unloading and loading passengers into the vehicle.
    • Operating emergency exits, and specifically push-out windows.
    • Emergency situations, such as:
      • Accidents.
      • Fires.
      • Dealing with hostile or unruly passengers.
    • Safe operation and defensive driving practices on roadways.
    • Braking procedures.
    • Proper procedures for railroad crossings and drawbridges.


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